Face cleansing – the secret to youth and looking young

Scientific research has found that choosing a cleanser is no trivial matter. In fact, it is important to make sure that the choice of cleanser has to suit your skin type. The main purpose of cleansing. Cleansing your skin, especially your face, is crucial/important/paramount to maintaining your face looking young and youthful.

However, certain cleansers are not the best for long-term skin health. Certain types of cleansers, mainly the surfactants in cleansers can affect the skin’s integrity as some cleansers not only extract certain skin components, but, can also stay in the stratum corneum (SC) – the outer layer of your skin – even after the skin has been cleansed. Using soap that is made from certain type of ingredients can make your face feel tight. Certain ingredients such as alcohols, acetone and surfactants that are non-ionic.

What are surfactants?

Surfactants are surface-active agents, usually found in 4 different types: cationic, amphoteric, non-ionic, aniomic. They are used in your cleanser to change their consistency and can help determine whether they foam well or not for example. Also, “Surfactants contain molecules,” says Beauty Expert Dr. Hanuska, who has worked within the beauty industry for more than a decade. “They are basically surface acting agents or chemical compounds that can act on your skin’s surface. This all depends on what the ingredients contain, the surfactant’s characteristics”. It is therefore quite clear why choosing the right type of leanser that is suitable for your own skin type becomes so, so important.

Choosing the right surfactant for you becomes much easier for you once you understand the difference between the four types of cleansers. Whilst some leansers contain molecules that are hydrophilic; this means that they the ends of the molecules attracts water, other molecules are hydrophobic (have molecule ends that repel water).


  • Other dermatological research into the effectiveness of certain cleansers and the ingredients used are important to consider because they can make skin that is already sensitive (gets red and itchy, red or sore, or easily irritated by touch or the sun, allergies) even more irritated than usual.

  • Why? This is because the use of surfactants within cleansers can actually penetrate your skin’s surface (the stratum corneum (SC)), and interact with proteins and lipids that make up the skin’s epidermis. This can irritate the skin, cause redness, itchiness and tightness.

Like, share and comment below if you would like another article detailing the breakdown of the 4 different surfactant types.