6 secret ways to reduce facial skin pores

A recent study conducted into facial pores and the differences between different ethnicities has revealed that, in a study of women from different countries and their skin type, pore sizes can be related to ethnic heritage.

What are enlarged skin pores?

Enlarged skin pores is when the surface of your skin does not appear “smooth” and “flawless” because the pores in your skin are quite big and prominent, easily visible without makeup coverage.

Pores are basically tiny openings in skin that allow oil or sweat to be secreted on the skin’s surface. We often feel that women with smaller or invisible pores as “lucky” because their skin looks so much smoother and faultless.

The study found that from a sample of over 2500 women, aged 18-80 years old, many reported having large pores was a key problem.

The study highlights that using skincare products that contain tretinoin, AHAs and Vitamin C can massively reduce the size of your skin pores.

Did you also know that using fullerene lotion can decrease your pore size?

Previous clinical research into Japanese women in their 40s aimed to measure the difference in their skin pore sizes, making a comparison between when they used the fullerene lotion and afterwards.

After just 4 weeks, the women reported that their pore sizes had shrunk and become less conspicuous, especially on their cheek areas.

Scientific research in dermatology has identified that there are 3 major causes of large pores. The first is excess sebum production which leads to oily skin; decreased elasticity around pores and increased pore follicle volume.

Pore sizes can also be affected by your skincare regime and what you do on a daily basis to care for your skin. Pore sizes can vary in their diameter size.

Pore size diameter How the pores look
0.1mm – 0.6mm Visible skin pores
0.3mm – 0.8mm Enlarged skin pores

It is important to pay attention to how your pores on your skin are affected by various factors, including one’s skincare regime (what you do with your skin on a regular basis), washing habits, sun exposure – can all impact on the size of your pores.

How can large pores be treated?

Treatment of large pores will differ, dependent on the individual’s skin type.

  1. Use cleansers that do not encourage the production of excess oil. Choose cleansers that contain surfactants that do not contain any waxes, oils or other fatty agents which could make the skin even more oily.
  2. Always use a SPF that has a factor of 30+, preferably SPF50. Sun damage and overexposure to the sun can lead to skin damage, and for pores to be even more visible and enlarged. When using skincare or sunscreen, check that the formulations used are mad with ingredients that are oil-free agents, non-occlusive and non-comedogenic (does not block pores).
  3. Diet – what you eat or put into your body may have an effect on your skin, and cause the excessive production of oil. Eating foods which avoid high carbohydrate content is better for your skin because it helps to curb excess sebum production in your skin’s sebaceous glands, therefore helping facial pores to be less enlarged. Improving skin elasticity can help to not only reverse or prevent premature skin ageing, such as the use of retinoid based creams and topical applications, but also to build structural collagen to support the skin.
  4. Hair removal – The removal of those with thicker hairs on their face may help to reduce the size of pores, especially their visibility.

Summary – treatment options:

Causes of large pores Treatment option
Excessive sebum production (oily skin) Topical/oral sebostatic agent that helps to reduce oil production.
Skin laxity (loss of elasticity) Use light lasers to reduce pore size. Topical retinoids can be used.
Enlarged facial pores with combined thick facial hair Hair removal may be useful to improve the skin pores’ appearance. However, never shave. Laser therapies or natural hair removal creams are more effective in removing hair from the root, and gives a more even finish.